Perl: pronouncable passwords

#! /usr/bin/perl

# pronouncable.pl
# Barton Chittenden, July 28, 2004
# Creates a random, pronouncable word. Each word is made of
# 3, 4 or 5 pairs of consonant-groups and vowels. The consonant-
# group may be a single consonant or a pair of consonants like
# 'ch', 'sh' or 'th'.

use strict;

my @vowels = ("a", "e", "i", "o", "u");
my @consonants = ( "b", "c", "d", "f", "g", "j", "k", "l", "m",
"n", "p", "r", "s", "t", "v", "w", "x", "y",
"b", "c", "d", "f", "g", "k", "l", "m", "n",
"n", "p", "r", "s", "t", "w", "s", "y",
"z", "ch", "sh", "th", "ch", "sh", "th");
my $wordlen = int(rand 3) + 2;
for(my $i = 0; $i < $wordlen; $i++){
print $consonants[int(rand scalar(@consonants))];
print $vowels[int(rand scalar(@vowels))];
}
print "\n";

Windows: Change menu position left-right

Menüs in Windows sind horizontal verschoben

explorer shell:::{80F3F1D5-FECA-45F3-BC32-752C152E456E}

this will directly open Tablet PC Settings window

http://www.askvg.com/how-to-change-menu-position-from-left-to-right-in-windows-vista/

Posted in IT

Traverse a www-proxy via SSL Connect with Basic or Digest authentication

#!/usr/bin/perl

# Ross Lonstein
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
# modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=head1 NAME

tunnel-auth.pl - traverse a www-proxy via SSL Connect with Basic or Digest authentication.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This non-forking script can be used to traverse a www-proxy that
supports the HTTP CONNECT command. It negotiates HTTP authentication,
if necessary, then steps aside and acts as a simple port forwarder. It
reports a User-Agent string so that nothing suspicious appears in the
logs.

=cut

use IO::Socket::INET;
use IO::Select;
use Getopt::Std;
use strict;

my $VERSION=0.01;

# check for MD5 support
my $md5avail=1;
eval {'use Digest::MD5;'};
if ($@) {
$md5avail=0;
}
if ($md5avail) {
print "MD5 Avail. Enabling support for Digest Authentication\n";
use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_base64);
}

my ($dport,$dhost,$proxyhost,$proxyport);
my ($remotehost,$remoteport,$auth,$useragent);
my ($fhin,$fhout,$server,$proxy);

#
# handle args
#
my %opts;
getopts('a:l:p:r:u:',\%opts);
usage('Missing remote host:port') unless $opts{'r'};
usage('Missing local host:port') unless $opts{'l'};
usage('Missing proxy host:port') unless $opts{'p'};

($proxyhost,$proxyport)=split(':', $opts{'p'});
($remotehost,$remoteport)=split(':', $opts{'r'});

if ( $opts{'l'}=~/:/ ) {
# use specific interface & port
($dhost,$dport) = split(':',$opts{'l'});
}
else {
# use localhost and specified port
$dport=$opts{'l'};
$dhost='127.0.0.1';
}

$auth=$opts{'a'};

# sample user agent identifiers:
#
# Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT)
# Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.5; Windows NT 5.0)
# Mozilla/4.73 [en] (Win98; U)
# Mozilla/4.76 [en] (WinNT; U)
# Mozilla/4.7 [en] (X11; I; Linux 2.2.12-20 i686)
# Mozilla/4.5 (compatible; iCab Pre2.4; Macintosh; I; PPC)
#
# choose one appropriate for your environment so as not to
# arouse suspicion in the logs...
$useragent = $opts{'u'} || 'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT)';

#
# Set up network communication
#
if ( $dport ) { # do "daemon" thing.
$server = IO::Socket::INET-> new( Proto => 'tcp',
LocalAddr => $dhost,
LocalPort => $dport,
Listen => SOMAXCONN,
Type => SOCK_STREAM,
Reuse => 1 )
|| die "Error creating daemon socket: $!";
$fhin = $server->accept() || die "Socket accept failed: $!";
$fhout = $fhin;
}
else { # STDIN/STDOUT used for ProxyCommand support
$fhin = \*STDIN;
$fhout = \*STDOUT;
}

#
# connect to proxy server ...
#
my %socket_hash=( PeerAddr => $proxyhost,
PeerPort => $proxyport,
Proto => 'tcp',
Type => SOCK_STREAM);

$proxy = getPeerSocket( \%socket_hash );

# Force flushing of socket buffers... (not necessary >5.005 on sockets? --rl)
foreach ( \*$proxy, $fhin, $fhout ) {
select($_);
$|=1;
}

#
# Negotiation with Proxy
#

print $proxy "CONNECT $remotehost:$remoteport HTTP/1.0\r\n";
print $proxy "User-Agent: $useragent\r\n" if $useragent;
print $proxy "\r\n";

# Wait for HTTP status code
my $status;
($status) = (split(/\s+/,<$proxy>))[1];

#
# handle authenticating proxy
#
if ($status=407 && $auth) {

# skip lines waiting for type of authentication
$_ = <$proxy> while ($_ =! /Proxy-authenticate: (\w+) /);
print STDERR "Proxy authentication required...";

# ignore rest, close connection and try again
$proxy -> close() || die("Error closing proxy connection: $!");
print STDERR "Closed proxy.\n Reconnecting...";
$proxy = getPeerSocket( \%socket_hash );
print $proxy "CONNECT $remotehost:$remoteport HTTP/1.0\r\n";
print $proxy "User-Agent: $useragent\r\n" if $useragent;

# determine type of authentication...
CASE: {
auth_basic(), last CASE if $1 =~ /basic/i;
auth_digest(), last CASE if $1 =~ /digest/i && $md5avail;
# add support for other auth schemes here...
auth_unsupt(), last CASE;
}

print $proxy "\r\n";

# get new status
($status) = (split(/\s+/,<$proxy>))[1];
}

die "Bad status code \"$status\" from proxy server."
if ( int($status/100) != 2 );

# Skip through remaining part of HTTP header (until blank line)
1 until ( <$proxy> =~ /^[\r\n]+$/ );

#
# Shuffle packets between sockets
#
my $s = IO::Select->new($fhin,\*$proxy);
my $num;
LOOP: for (;;) {
foreach my $fh ( $s->can_read(10) ) {
last LOOP unless ( defined($num = sysread($fh,$_,4096)) );
last LOOP if $num == 0;
last LOOP unless ( defined(syswrite( ((fileno($fh)==fileno($fhin))?
$proxy:$fhout),$_,$num)) );
}
}
# good housekeeping seal...
$proxy -> close() || die "Error closing connection to Proxy: $!";
$server-> close() || die "Error closing local connection: $!";
exit 0;

#
# SUBROUTINES
#
sub auth_basic {
print STDERR "using BASIC authentication.\n";
print $proxy "Proxy-Authorization: Basic ",encode_base64($auth),"\r\n";
}

sub auth_digest {
print STDERR "using DIGEST authentication.\n";

# skip lines waiting for challenge
$_ = <$proxy> while ($_ =~ /digest/i);
my ($challenge) = (split(':',$_))[1];

# send response
my ($user,$pass) = split(':',$auth);
my $response=md5_base64("$user:$pass:$challenge");
print $proxy "Proxy-Authorization:$response\r\n";
}

sub auth_unsupt {
print STDERR "Unsupportted authentication type '$1' requested!\n";
}

sub getPeerSocket {
my $hash_ref=shift;
my $socket = IO::Socket::INET->new( PeerAddr => $$hash_ref{'PeerAddr'},
PeerPort => $$hash_ref{'PeerPort'},
Proto => $$hash_ref{'Proto'} || 'tcp',
Type => $$hash_ref{'Type'} || SOCK_STREAM)
|| die "Socket setup failed: $!";
return $socket;
}

sub encode_base64 {
# stolen from MIME::Base64, thanks Gisle Aas
# note we don't bother with requirement of line length < 76 chars use integer; my $res=""; pos( $_[0] )=0; while ( $_[0] =~ /(.{1,45})/gs ) { $res .=substr( pack('u',$1), 1 ); chop($res); } $res =~ tr |` -_|AA-Za-z0-9+/|; my $padding = ( 3-length($_[0]) % 3) %3; $res =~ s/.{$padding}$/'=' x $padding/e if $padding; return $res; } sub usage { print "\n!! ",@_," !!\n"; print <: -l [:] -r : [-a ] [-u ]
Connect to a remote host through a proxy supporting CONNECT. : -- ip or hostname and port of your http proxy
: -- port to listen on. ip/hostname optional.
: -- remote host and port (likely port 443/563) : -- userid/password for authenticating proxies
-- header string send to proxy. Defaults to
'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT)'
Example:
$0 -p proxy.example.com:8080 -l 2222 -r myhost.nowhere.com:443 \
-a joe:h4ckm3 -u 'Mozilla/4.76 [en] (WinNT; U)'

USAGE
exit 1;
}

=head1 README

tunnel-auth.pl - traverse a www-proxy via SSL Connect with Basic or
Digest authentication.

This script can be used to traverse a www-proxy that supports the HTTP
CONNECT command as is done for SSL. It negotiates HTTP authentication,
if necessary, then steps aside and acts as a simple port forwarder.
It reports a User-Agent string during negotiation so that nothing
suspicious appears in the proxy logs. Compatibility with Win32 was
retained by not forking, limiting it to a single connection per
instance.

Should work against any RFC-compliant proxy. Tested against:
Netscape Enterprise/3.52
Squid 2.2

Note: Properly configured proxies that allow CONNECT will only permit
connection to standard SSL ports (443 and 563 according to squid). You
can expect they will also have connection and idle timeout limits.

=head2 EXAMPLE

Assuming that you have a machine on the public internet accepting
SSH connections on port 443 you can do the following:
tunnel-auth.pl -p proxy.example.com:8080 \
-l 2222 -r myhost.nowhere.com:443 \
-a joe:h4ckm3 \
-u 'Mozilla/4.76 [en] (WinNT; U)'

And in another window:
ssh -p 2222 blockhead@localhost

Which will, if all goes well, negotiate the proxy and connect to
the remote machine via secure shell.

=head1 PREREQUISITES

Requires the C, C, C modules.

=head1 COREQUISITES

Digest Authentication support uses C.

=head1 TODO

In no particular order:

- Logging. An ASCII/HEX dump would be nice for diagnosis.

- Forking for each connection now that Perl 5.6-Win32 supports it.

- Support for NTLM authentication with Microsoft Proxy Server (that's a
hole with no bottom).

=head1 AUTHOR

Ross Lonstein

based upon work by Urban Kaveus, Theo Van Dinter, Gisle Aas, and
probably others but don't contact them because the bugs are all mine.

=head1 COPYRIGHT

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.

=pod OSNAMES

any

=pod SCRIPT CATEGORIES

Networking

=cut

Posted in IT

Text converting

Convert DOS Line Endings to Unix’s, on a windows machine

(Using tr and sed from the package unxutils.sourceforge.net). I installed all of the utilities into C:\opt\local\wbin and added this path to %path%.

Using notepad, save the text to be cleaned into a textfile called “infile.txt”

then

tr -d \r tmpfile.txt

and now (if needed) to remove empty lines from the file tmpfile.txt:

sed "/^$/d" tmpfile.txt > outfile.txt

Posted in IT

Create Shortcuts with VBS

Set Shell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
DesktopPath = Shell.SpecialFolders("Desktop")
Set link = Shell.CreateShortcut(DesktopPath & "\Programm.lnk")
link.description = "Beschreibung"
link.TargetPath = "C:\foo\setup.exe"
link.WindowStyle = 3
link.WorkingDirectory = "C:\foo"
link.Save

Posted in IT

Make Outlook asking if you want to Send-BCC a sent Message

Private Sub Application_ItemSend(ByVal Item As Object, Cancel As Boolean)

Dim ans
ans = MsgBox("Send this message bcc to xyz?", vbYesNoCancel)
If ans = vbCancel Then Cancel = True

If ans = vbYes Then
Dim objRecip As Recipient
Dim strMsg As String
Dim res As Integer
Dim strBcc As String
On Error Resume Next
' #### USER OPTIONS ####
' address for Bcc -- must be SMTP address or resolvable
' to a name in the address book
strBcc = "user@domain.com"
Set objRecip = Item.Recipients.Add(strBcc)
objRecip.Type = olBCC
If Not objRecip.Resolve Then
strMsg = "Could not resolve the Bcc recipient. " & _
"Do you want still to send the message?"
res = MsgBox(strMsg, vbYesNo + vbDefaultButton1, _
"Could Not Resolve Bcc Recipient")
If res = vbNo Then
Cancel = True
End If
End If
Set objRecip = Nothing
End If

End Sub

another version:

Public Sub SetBCC2()

Dim objItem As Outlook.MailItem
Dim objRecip As Recipient
Dim strMsg As String
Dim res As Integer
Dim strBcc As String
'On Error Resume Next

Set objItem = ActiveExplorer.Application.ActiveInspector.CurrentItem

objItem.Recipients.ResolveAll

For Each Recipient In objItem.Recipients
If (Recipient.Type = olBCC) Then
If Recipient = "sent@profiline-berufsmode.ch" Then
Already = True
End If
End If
Next Recipient

If Already = False Then
' MsgBox ("noch nicht drauf, also adde ich jetzt")
strBcc = "sent@tastaturkind.ch"
Set objRecip = objItem.Recipients.Add(strBcc)
objRecip.Type = olBCC
objRecip.Resolve
Set objRecip = Nothing
End If

End Sub

Posted in IT